Wednesday, May 25, 2022

Sand Screens: What Are They And How You Can Select The Best Ones

Introduction

As the world’s requirement for energy grows, the oil and gas industry has ramped up exploration and extraction processes in different parts of the world. Energy is used to power our homes, businesses, factories as well as out transportation facilities. Alternative or sustainable forms of energy are being innovated upon in recent years. However, they are still at a developmental stage, leaving the traditional energy sectors to do all the heavy lifting. 

When it comes to oil and gas exploration, we know that their reserves are located deep within the Earth’s crust. Drilling into the surface and extracting the same is not an easy process. When oil and gas companies drill, they experience that with the reserves, particles like sand, mud, small and large rocks come out. A sand screen acts as a filter separating the crude fuel from the impurities. 

How do Sand Screens ensure better production and efficiency?

Sand screens help in sand control. Drilling and exploration requires the construction of large wellbores deep into the surface of the planet. Sand Control is one of the most important goals of any oil and gas production process. If the same is not maintained with sand screens from Completion Products, then two major problems can happen- 

  1. The impurities can plug the wellbore leading to difficulties in the extraction process of oil and gas. 
  2. Large rocks and bricks can cause high-power friction, which in turn can damage drilling equipment leading to massive losses. 

According to most experts, a process called active sand control needs to be implemented in order to protect the extraction process. There are four key components of implementing active sand control in oil and gas production- 

  1. Using Sand Screens (these can be wired screens, premium screens, and pre-packaged ones). 
  2. Expandable sand screens that cover a wider area and allow for a more effective guard against impurities. 
  3. Two packs called Gravel and Frack help to ensure that smaller grains and particles do not seep into the crude. 
  4. Using chemicals that help in diffusing and removing the presence of harmful diluted gases in the liquid reserves. 

How to select the Best Sand Screens for effective production?

In this section, we are going to outline four important criteria you should take into consideration when selecting sand screens for your next oil and gas project- 

  1. Reputed Manufacturer-
    The first thing that should play a major role in your decision is buying from reputed companies. Ideally, you should be looking to buy from manufacturers that specialize only in sand screen production. Check for companies that have been involved in the business for at least five years. Look for credible companies after going through their online reviews and ratings. 
  2. The variety on offer-
    Sand screens, as discussed above come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and functionalities. You might think that one type will serve your purpose, but that rarely happens. Make sure that the manufacturer you are buying from can help you by supplying all the different types. The company should be able to give you a demonstration of the effectiveness of the products. 
  3. Warranty and Promise-
    Oil and gas exploration is not an easy job. In other words, you cannot predict what is going to happen. This is why you need to select a sand screen manufacturer that is sure that its products can take a beating and come out successful. These are expensive investments and you need the company to offer warranties that guard against defects and malfunctioning screens. 
  4. Repair and Service Maintenance-
    If properly used, sand screens can last for several projects. However, you need to ensure that small repair work is carried out by the company or its service agency post every operation. This will ensure a longer life and better functioning of the sand screens. The best sand screens are manufactured with metals like high-density steel and even titanium to help them last. 

The Final Word

Choosing the right sand screen can help protect your mechanical equipment from damage. We are talking about a lot of pressure. A sand screen should be able to withstand high pressure and perform its task of filtration effectively. By paying attention to the points mentioned in the article, you can improve the productivity and efficiency of your oil and gas drilling and exploration projects. If you would like us to assist you with the best sand screens, then please let us know in the comments below.

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