Thursday, December 3, 2020

Is Corona virus airborne? Transmission modes and Preventions

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Coronavirus is a type of virus that may cause severe disease, COVID-19. It was first found in December 2019 in China. Later it started spreading so fast that now it becomes a pandemic worldwide.

It mainly affects the respiratory system entirely, which may cause death if they didn’t treat well. The question that raise in mind “is corona virus airborne”. Common symptoms of COVID-19 are cough, fever, breathing problems, muscle aches, diarrhea, loss of taste sensation, and fatigue. There is no proper vaccine of this virus.

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The only way to avoid this virus is to stay at home and don’t attend any gathering. It spreads from human to human by touch. It can also be spread through saliva particles release from the nose or mouth. These particles release from sneezing or coughing of the infected person. This virus may enter inside your body through the mouth, nose, and eyes.

Here we will describe some modes of transmission of Coronavirus and discuss that “Is Corona virus airborne?”.

Transmission modes of the Coronavirus:

First, Coronavirus was found in China, and then it transmits through human to human. It exports from China. Now this virus is present in all over the world. There are two theories about the transmission of Coronavirus. One is that it only travels surface to surface, and the other is it is an airborne virus. Before we discuss “Is Corona virus airborne or not?” we will discuss some other transmission methods.

1.     Transmission from human to human:

Humans are considering as a primary source of transmission of Coronavirus. By humans, it can be transported more efficiently than any other way. There are a lot of ways by which Coronavirus can travel from human to human. One of the primary sources is touch because one carrying a Coronavirus on their hands or other body parts can transfer the virus to you by physical contact.

A person who infects by the virus can transfer Coronavirus to others most efficiently. When an infected person coughs or sneezes in public he can easily transfer this virus. His saliva particles, even though they are microparticles, can spread Coronavirus to others through air or surfaces where they fall. Virus transmits very quickly in crowdie places because more chances of humans to be in contact physically.

2.     Surface transmission:

Coronavirus can stay alive on many surfaces for more than 24 hours. This time period depend upon the type of substance. For example, it can remain alive on plastic and stainless steel for up to 72 hours. This means that it can also be transmits into humans through surfaces.

Coronavirus travels to surfaces from humans or other living organisms during their contact with the surfaces. The virus can travel from surface to human when they come in touch with it.

3.     Transmission through food:

Food is not a direct medium of transmission for Coronavirus. There are no pieces of evidence present until now that viruses can transmit through food. But indirectly, it can be a source of transmission by its packaging. Home delivery of food by restaurants can also be a source of travel for the virus because it can stay alive on paper or plastic bags. Canned food also provides a medium to transmit Coronavirus from one place to another.

We will continue the discussion “Is Corona virus airborne or not?” and other transmission modes.

4.     Transmission through animals:

Coronavirus is considers as a Zoonotic virus that can transfer from humans to animals and animals to humans. Animals can carry the virus on their body. When someone touches them or plays with them virus will be transmits to that human. Some researchers have proved that cats and other kinds of pet animals can be a medium of transmission for Coronavirus.

5.     Transmission through feces:

Many scientists have proven that the poop of infected patients of COVID-19 contains Coronavirus. But yet now it’s not indeed said that viruses present in poop could cause disease.

Is Corona virus airborne?

Airborne means that transmitted by air. There is some evidence of Coronavirus presence in the air for a while. Coronavirus can stay in tiny suspended droplets in air for some time and can be inhaled by someone.

Some people confuse airborne transmission with droplet transmission. Droplet transmission is the spread of saliva containing Coronavirus through cough or sneezing near someone. Airborne transmission is the suspension of these droplets in the air. It can transfer to a person standing on almost 1 meter or 2 feet distance.

These particles can stay for almost 1 minute to 1 hour in the air. These tiny droplets containing viruses can be a more dangerous way of transmission than any other transmission mode. The reason is these particles can be directly inhaled. Through inhaling virus directly enters the respiratory system of humans and started causing infection.

Still, it is under research that “Is Corona virus is airborne?”

Preventions for Coronavirus:

There is the only way to stop Coronavirus to spread is we should adopt some basic habits of cleaning. Here are some preventions which may help you in stopping Coronavirus to spread:

  1. The best way to wipe out the virus from the surface of your hands is by washing them for almost 30 seconds.
  2. Sanitize surfaces before touching them.
  3. Avoid public places or gatherings.
  4. Don’t go out without any emergency.
  5. Wear a mask when you are going out. It will save you from inhaling the virus through your nose or mouth.
  6. Maintain a social distance of more than a meter.
  7. Avoid physical contact with others.

Conclusion:

Coronavirus is a recently found type of virus that causes severe respiratory diseases. This virus is firstly discovered in December 2019 in China. Viruses have spread pandemic situations all over the world. Its symptoms are fever, fatigue, headache, cough, and flu.

Coronavirus can travel from surfaces to humans or humans to humans. Some scientists have proved that “Is corona virus is airborne or not?” but some scientists are against this. The virus can stay alive on many surfaces like plastic or stainless steel for more than 72 hours. No vaccine has been found till now against the Coronavirus. The only way to stop this virus is by adopting some prevention. These preventions include maintaining a distance of one meter when you are in public. Also, avoid touching surfaces in public places.

 

 

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