Business Analysis Role in Software Development Process

Software development involves many analytical activities, making it essential to have a skilled and diverse team. Business Analysis Role in Software Every member of the team has a role to play, and most importantly, the Business Analyst, whose participation often determines the success of a project. A Business Analyst is responsible for the scope of the project, the requirements, and the standards to be met. Although earlier, the role of the Business Analysts was ignored, in recent times, the same has emerged as a significant contributor to the process of software development. Business Analysis Role in Software 

So if you want to be relevant in business analysis, then learn about the Business Analyst’s role in software development. Business Analysis Role in Software Begin with the Business Analyst course in Bangalore and better your career prospects within your organization.

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The Business Analyst: An Overview 

A Business Analyst is involved from the beginning of the software project. The Business Analyst works closely with clients, members of the management, stakeholders, and the software development team head to understand client requirements, document the business process, establish the direction of the project, the useful functions, and features to be incorporated and follow the implementation through the software development lifecycle.

The Business Analyst is essentially the link between the client and the software developers. He ensures that the software implementation adheres to the client’s requirements, in a pre-defined manner, time and budget. He makes recommendations, prescribes the techniques to be followed and the tasks to undertake in the various stages of the project. He combines the role of the technical writer, system analyst, and tester. 

Domain knowledge is one of the skills of the Business Analyst. He has to explain to developers how a feature should work and even guide how to design a solution. He conveys “what is to be done” from the client end to “how to do it” to the developers. 

What does a Business Analyst do in Development?

A Business Analyst is a part of a software product development team who takes the client needs and embeds them into the business domain for customized development. He matches and documents processes and recommends the business requirements for the software to be built. The Business Analyst is thus required to possess a variety of skill sets to navigate the gaps between the client and the development team and product and marketing teams. 

The Business Analyst is involved in all the stages of software development – from the beginning of the project to the testing phase and the final presentation. He plays a  critical role as the lead developer designs and implements the software architecture based on the blueprint set out by the Business Analyst.

However, the engagement depends upon the development method followed, whether Agile or Waterfall. In the Agile method, the Business Analyst’s participation is split evenly through the project, as the documentation is not executed at the beginning. In the Waterfall method, the documentation is done at the start of the project, and the Business Analyst involvement is the maximum. 

Generally, the Business Analyst engages across the various software development stages, based on the requirements and the software methodology followed.

Client interaction and business goal establishment phase

The Business Analyst role begins from the initial stage, where he takes the client brief and matches it with business goals.

Deciding on the goals

With client consultation, the Business Analyst understands the product’s objectives and the target market. This involves establishing how to monetize the software product.

Drafting non-functional and functional requirements

The Business Analyst documents the process for both developers and stakeholders. For non-functional requirements, the Business Analysts draft how the system should function and establish the constraints of its functionality. The system’s attributes, such as usability, reliability, security, performance, and scalability, are also considered.

In drafting the functional requirements, the Business Analyst considers the product features that contribute to the business objectives.

Solution design phase

This stage of software development involves finding and endorsing the most appropriate tech stack that fulfills all business and system requirements. 

Story mapping

This is one of the most important responsibilities where the Business Analyst maps the story, i.e. the description of a feature from the end-user point of view. It must conform to the functional requirements and software specification document.

Establishing the acceptance criteria 

Acceptance criteria are conditions that establish whether a feature assures both a stakeholder and the end-user objectives. Herein the Business Analyst takes the product manager and QA engineer on board.

Selecting the backlog items 

The Business Analyst selects prioritization techniques to decide which cluster of tasks is more appropriate from the business angle.

Development phase

This is the phase of active software development where the deliverable is a released software product. The Business Analyst’s role is ensuring that the development conforms to the discussions and approved documentation.

Setting up the activities

The Business Analyst follows the entire pre-development process to make sure that every sprint is planned and executed as per the approved requirements and business objectives.

Tracking the development process

The Business Analyst actively participates in daily Scrum and Stand-up meets and monitors the development process.

Maintenance phase

In this stage of the software development process, any improvements or changes are considered. The Business Analyst considers the results of testing and decides upon the areas of improvement.

Testing considerations

The Business Analyst takes into account the feedback of project stakeholders to review the software as it develops. He does walkthroughs and other testing activities to mark how much the product deviates from or conforms with the project specifications.

Formulating the next backlog

Based on the feedback, the Business Analyst crafts the business issue side to improve, or make changes in the product. This is where the backlog for fresh development occurs with iterations for a maintained and improved product.

Cost considerations

After project requirements are recorded and analyzed, the Business Analyst evaluates the cost considerations with respect to estimations shared with the stakeholders at the beginning of the project. Throughout the project, the Business Analyst measures the costs involved, against the time taken for completion of the project, as the longer the duration of the project, the costlier it is, creating havoc with the projected budget.

Conclusion

As is evident, business analysis is a critical part of developing software, and the Business Analyst has an important role to play in the creation of business value. The benefits of having a Business Analyst on the team have made their inclusion mandatory in software development projects.

So take the Business Analysts course and upskill in this most happening domain in software development.

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